Yeast Infection (Vaginal): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Vaginal suppositories containing tea tree oil have been shown to treat vaginal fungal infections. If you're using a vaginal treatment and are sexually active, you should not have sex until the infection has been completely treated because these medicines can weaken condoms and diaphragms. 3 For most infections, the treatment is an antifungal medicine applied inside the vagina or a single dose of fluconazole taken by mouth. Do not wear tight underwear, pantyhose, pants, or jeans. But that balance can be disrupted.

Vaginal yeast infection symptoms can be irritating and uncomfortable, but will usually go away with proper treatment and attention. In the meantime, wearing loose fitting clothing and trying to stay cool may help soothe the itch and discomfort. This can cause irritation and sweating in the vaginal area.

If you find that tight clothing leads to itchiness or discomfort in your genital area, consider wearing more breathable fabrics. Vaginal candidiasis is common. A healthy vagina has a balance between healthy bacteria and unhealthy organisms. The hormone estrogen helps bacteria called lactobacilli to grow.

To check for a vaginal yeast infection, your health care provider looks for signs of infection and collects a sample of vaginal fluid for lab tests.

Let Us Help

To diagnose vaginitis, your health care professional will take a sample of the discharge from your vagina and look at it under a microscope. A healthy vagina contains bacteria and some yeast cells. But then Angela noticed an unusual discharge in her underwear. It is found in small numbers in the normal vagina. Yeast also can grow a lot if a girl's blood sugar is high. This is especially true if you have diabetes because you are more at risk of the yeast infection spreading.

Cranberry juice has been long known to help get rid of yeast infections, but it can also cause the problem in the first place.

To Learn More

Program completed entirely in Jacksonville. Gaither adds that individuals who aren't circumcised are at higher risk of this. Synthetic underwear may also cause allergy and hypersensitivity reactions that can alter the vagina environment and contribute to yeast infections.

It is caused by a type of fungus called yeast.


Yeast infections usually happen in warm, moist parts of the body, such as the mouth, and moist areas of skin. Using scented sanitary products and douching can upset the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina and make yeast infections more likely. This article will look at the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of yeast infections, as well as medication and home remedies.


The overuse of antifungals can increase the chances of yeast resistance, so that the medications may not work in the future when they are needed. Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection. Studies are ongoing in the use of a slow-release vaginal product that has specific lactobacilli. Gaither said, with treatment, it usually takes one to two weeks for a yeast infection to resolve. In some cases, another symptom of a vaginal yeast infection can be pain during sex. Lack of sleep – A lack of sleep can throw off various functions of your body and in conjunction with other lifestyle changes, can lead to imbalances in bacteria. Having a weakened immune system.

Fortunately, effective treatments are widely available. HuffPost is part of Verizon Media. Vaginal yeast infection, the bacteria help keep the pH balance, produce bacteriocins (naturally occurring antibiotics) and produce a substance that stops invading bacteria sticking to the vagina walls and causing damage to tissue, according to the NHS. Pantyhose, tights, and leggings can cause heat and moisture to build up in the crotch area. Other research indicates that a component of tea tree oil (terpinen-4-ol) enhances the activity of the common antifungal drug fluconazole. Avoid hot tubs, very hot baths, and scented bubble baths. Trichomoniasis: Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:

How Do You Treat A Yeast Infection?

Impaired immune system. Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen. Its primary causes are bacterial imbalances from douching and sex — it’s not a fungal infection like a typical yeast infection is. If an OTC treatment didn’t work (or you’re unsure you have a yeast infection in the first place), ask your gyno for a yeast culture. Douching is never advised and it is especially to be avoided while you are clearing a yeast infection. Co-located with the Shands Jacksonville Hospital, the Jacksonville Health Science Center excels in education, research and patient care that expresses our abiding values of compassion, excellence, professionalism and innovation. Between puberty and menopause (and sometimes earlier or later), women are susceptible to vaginal yeast infections.

However, if your infection keeps coming back, or if your partner has symptoms, your health care provider will also want to examine your partner(s). If the genital area is swollen or painful, sitting in warm water (in a bathtub or sitz bath , not a hot tub) may help. Itching and redness of the vulva can also be caused by a reaction to vaginal products such as soap, bath oils, spermicidal jelly, or douches. If your symptoms continue, you can use nonprescription medicine.

An itchy sensation in the vagina and vulva. Sexual contact can increase the number and variety of bacteria in your genital area, which can throw off the natural balance of bacteria and yeast. This good bacteria was responsible for keeping the yeast in check. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by overgrowth of the bacteria that occur natually in the vagina. The exact opposite can happen too, where a man might develop a penile yeast infection from a woman who has a vaginal yeast infection. More than half - 53% - of young women say they don’t know how to deal with a yeast infection, and two out of three women (66%) don’t know it can be cured with an over-the-counter treatment.

At the visit, your doctor might take a urine sample (to rule out a urinary tract infection) and swab some discharge from your vagina to examine under a microscope.

Share Options

Healthcare providers usually diagnose vaginal candidiasis by taking a small sample of vaginal discharge to be examined under a microscope in the medical office or sent to a laboratory for a fungal culture. While they aren't life-threatening, yeast infections are irritating -- both physically and mentally. Treatment for yeast infections include: Don’t lounge around in a wet bathing suit and avoid jeans or pantyhose that are too tight. There are other types of vaginal infections with symptoms similar to a yeast infection, but they will not respond to medicine for a yeast infection. Some notice symptoms immediately after sex while others may not feel major symptoms for a few days, said Dr. Candida die-off, a New Approach. Using nonprescription medicine When using a nonprescription vaginal medicine for a vaginal yeast infection, follow the directions on the package insert, as well as these guidelines: In most individuals, the yeast organism (Candida albicans) is a normal part of the many microorganisms that harmoniously reside in the oral cavity.


Someone who is experiencing symptoms of a yeast infection can try an over-the-counter vaginal cream or suppository, such as: Sugar can appear as glucose, fructose, glucose-fructose and so on. You may feel more comfortable if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches.

However, other types of yeasts can also be responsible.

– Many women report getting a yeast infection after sexual intercourse. In fact, although rare, some women report every time I have sex, I get a yeast infection, regardless of their partner’s status. A yeast infection during pregnancy isn’t always treated in the same way as in nonpregnant women. Yeast infections are common in women who take antibiotics. Be sure to contact your doctor if: Nylon underwear, pantyhose, and other synthetic materials that trap moisture also make yeast infections more likely.

Living With Yeast Infections

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. Whether oral or vaginal medicine is recommended. Treatments that are applied internally have been shown to cure more than 80 percent of vaginal yeast infections.  However, oral fluconazole should not be taken if you are pregnant, as it can cause birth defects. These changes in estrogen levels (compounded with lifestyle changes, presumably such as sleep and diet) can weaken the immune system and stimulate the growth of yeast. Immune-depressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV can also increase the risk of yeast infections.

Your doctor may want to do a vaginal exam. Cranberry juice might be doing more harm than good. Having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high. It’s also possible to transmit the infection via sex toys and by kissing someone with oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth). An oral medication may be needed if your baby has oral thrush (yeast infection of the mouth). Getting a yeast infection after sex does not necessarily indicate that your partner had a yeast infection first.

Are pregnant and have symptoms of a vaginal infection or a urinary tract infection (UTI). The most popular prescription brand is Diflucan, which is an antifungal medication usually taken for more serious symptoms of yeast infection. Some women (about 5%) have recurrent yeast infections. Recurrent vaginal yeast infections tend to involve non– C. Another possibility is having vaginal intercourse with a man who has a penile yeast infection. If you have diabetes.

How Clothing Can Affect Yeast Infections

Clinical rotations in all the major disciplines are provided for UFCOM undergraduate medical students and elective rotations to students from other accredited schools. Is there a cure? Creams, tablets, and suppositories for the vagina often come with an applicator to help you place the medicine inside your vagina, where it can begin to work. But when something happens to tip that balance, a fungus called candida can grow out of control and cause a yeast infection. Which explains why Monistat, the makers of a treatment cream for yeast infections, launched their Time for TMI campaign — with it being such a common infection, there's no reason for you to not understand what's happening with your vagina. Change out of wet clothing and swimsuits right away. You may prefer to take pills rather than use medicine that is inserted into the vagina.

– stress can change the balance of your body’s chemistry, which can lead to surprising and uncomfortable physiological changes. Got a yeast infection? try these easy home remedies, another type of lactobacilli is found in yogurt. Also see your doctor if you are pregnant. Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk. The label of yogurt usually states whether the bacterial cultures are live or active.

Others believe gluten is the culprit (“the whipping boy,” she says), while some think sex is partially to blame. Using feminine hygiene sprays, talcs, or perfumes in the vaginal area. Yeast infections are ridiculously common. Sex may be uncomfortable or painful. Wearing tight-fitting, nonabsorbent pants or undergarments that hold in warmth and moisture.

Dweck told INSIDER that most healthy immune systems can fight off yeast infections despite exposure, but vaginal, oral, and anal sex as well as improperly cleaned sex toys can contribute to pH changes in one's body.

Common Treatments for Vaginal Yeast Infections

Yeast infection in babies While yeast infections are commonly associated with vaginal infections, babies can also get them. Dweck said that although having sex with an active yeast infection isn't necessarily dangerous, it could be uncomfortable or lead to a longer healing process. Yeast also can grow a lot if a girl’s blood sugar is high. These aim to restore the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina. Problems with your immune system that affect the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the body. They’re itchy and uncomfortable, and no one really likes to talk about them. Studies have shown that up to 20% to 50% of all women normally carry yeast in the vagina without the presence of symptoms.

Budget and Performance

These are available without a prescription and are available to purchase online, or are found in: Vaginal boric acid capsules are sometimes used. Using antibiotics. Avoid tight-fitting clothing, such as panty hose, and tight-fitting jeans. How is vaginitis treated? Exams and Tests Your doctor may be able to diagnose your vaginal symptoms based on your medical history and a vaginal exam. Remember to use barrier methods, such as condoms, when having sex if you suspect either of you has a yeast infection.